The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation is both a major cause of skin cancer and the best natural source of vitamin D. A healthy UV exposure balance helps maintain vitamin D levels and minimises the risk of skin and eye damage, sunburn and skin cancer.
Too much of the sun’s UV can cause sunburn, skin damage, eye damage and skin cancer. Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Two in three Australians will develop some form of skin cancer before the age of 70. Sun exposure during childhood has a signiﬁcant impact on a person’s risk of skin cancer. When the UV Index reaches 3 and above use a combination of these ﬁve sun protection measures:
- Slip on sun-protective clothing that covers as much skin as possible
- Slop on SPF30 or higher sunscreen – make sure it is broad spectrum and water resistant. Apply 20 minutes before you go outdoors and reapply every two hours.
- Slap on a hat that protects your face, head, neck and ears
- Seek shade
- Slide on sunglasses – make sure they meet Australian Standards.